The Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB), a nationalist separatist group in Nigeria, has made the list of the 20 deadliest terror groups in 2022.
According to the Global Terrorism Index (GTI) a report published annually by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), the proscribed separatist group, IPOB, came 10th on the list, alongside other terror groups like ISWAP, Boko Haram, Al Shabaab and the rest.
The group was founded in 2012 by Nnamdi Kanu and Uche Mefor.
IPOB has been forcefully enforcing a Monday “sit at home” in the South Eastern part of the country as part of measures to arm-twist the government into freeing its leader, Kanu.
In August 2020, the Department of State Services (DSS) was accused by IPOB of killing 21 of its members and arresting 47 members across different locations. The DSS also claimed two of its officers were killed by IPOB members.
On December 12, 2020, Kanu announced the formation of the Eastern Security Network (ESN), a regional security force, which he said its purpose is to flush out bandits and illegal forest occupants that always clash with farmers in Biafra land.
ESN has, however, been accused of carrying out many killings in the South East.
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