Ahead of the 2023 Presidential election, Prof. Kingsley Moghalu has revealed how zoning can work for Nigeria, Newsbreak.ng reports.
Moghalu a former deputy governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria and presidential aspirant on the platform of the African Democratic Congress (ADC) made the revelation via his Twitter handle on Wednesday.
The Presidential hopeful’s tweet reads thus, “I find the debate on “zoning” or rotation of the Nigerian presidency instructive. I aspire to be President not because of where I come from but on the basis of what I, working with a “dream team” will offer Nigeria. But Nigeria’s peculiarities (and every democracy has them) matter.
“Leadership has failed in Nigeria not because of zoning, but because of the individuals, we rotate power to. Every region has competent and incompetent people. So we should always prioritize competence even in the context of equity. The same thing applies to the Federal Character principle which we have in the constitution, but which has been abused by placing “representation” above merit.
“Yet federal character and merit are not mutually exclusive, especially in appointments to the federal cabinet and other public offices. In the same way, we can use rotation to ensure equity (the same way Switzerland, a multiethnic/multilingual nation, rotates its Federal Presidency among the country’s regions.) But there is something curious when both Southern and Northern Nigeria have had the opportunity, from conscious zoning decisions to produce Presidents (never mind the individuals thrown up in this context), and now that the mood of the country favours a President from the South but one zone in the South (Southeast) hasn’t produced a President, some interests now advocate scrapping rotation and now exclusively favor “merit” and “competence”.
Moghalu, a political economist further stated that “The reality is that we can find both within a nation-building context that stabilizes Nigeria by promoting inclusion. Democracy is a game of numbers, but it is also much more than that. Hilary Clinton won 3 million votes more than Donald Trump in the US presidential election of 2016, yet Trump became the President because America practices an indirect, electoral vote system and Trump won because he won more of those votes but lost the popular vote. So when we say democracy is a game of numbers, it’s really all about context. Numbers can build. They can also be used to tear down.
“Having regard to Nigeria’s Constitution, however, zoning cannot be legislated. It can only be a norm, a gentleman’s agreement, or at best a political party may adopt it if it’s members abide by it.
“Or, even better, rotation of the Nigerian presidency amongst the geopolitical zones can be made part of a new or amended Constitution in the context of restructuring, with high standards of qualification, criminal record and ethics standards set for aspirants. When ex-President Olusegun Obasanjo said recently that some of the current aspirants should, in his opinion, be in jail, I know for sure he wasn’t talking about me!”